# Explain how the law of diminishing returns influences the shapes of the total variable cost

Raw materials annual cost Average variable costs AVC increase as output increases.

The family of short-run cost curves consisting of average total cost, average variable cost, and marginal cost, all of which have U-shapes. The marginal cost curve will intersect the average cost curve at its minimum point. Thetotal marginal costs above produced units is also referred to astotal variable costs.

How can you calculate variable manufacturing cost when total variable cost is not given? Divide the difference in cost by the difference in production to get the variable cost per unit.

These totals include fixed costs, so the "variable cost" is still unknown. What is Total variable costs? If output is increased, average variable costs necessarily increase, because variable costs are things like raw materials that you really need for production.

When X is greater than Ythe decrease is greater than the increase in marginal costs. An efficient firm will make its choices so as to minimise its average cost at the production rate being worked.

Average fixed costs AFC decrease as output increases. A fall in average fixed costs leads to a fall in marginal costs. If marginal cost is below average total cost, the average is going to get pulled down. The more productive the firm, the more output it gets from its inputs and the lower the average cost at any output.

First you have to realise that increasing and decreasing output will affect average fixed costs and average variable costs.

As you add workers, you will initially see a productivity gain, but as more and more workers are added, their marginal output will fall. Both of these curves will be u-shaped as eventually diminishing returns will lead to costs increasing.

The high-low method can be used to compute the variable cost of producing a good if the total variable cost is unknown. Productivity is measured in a number of ways: Because AVC is the thing that really pulls MC up significantly, leading to the change, it is the most important factor when considering these types of costs Here is the high-low method: Conversely, AFC starts out higher, but as more units are produced, the fixed costs are spread out over more units so the AFC curve is actually a downward sloping straight line.

Initially, in region 0 — A, there are increasing returns. If sales volume increased to units and units, what is the total annual cost and unit cost for fixed varible?. The high-low method requires knowledge of the total costs of producing goods, in two different time periods.

What is the break even revenue if total fixed costs are and variable costs are ? The method is called "high-low" because the two production periods used for the computation would, in practice, be the period with the highest level of production and the period with the lowest level of production.

Total variable costs are the sum of expenses which changeproportionally as the price of services and goods fluctuate. This is when the two curves cross over each other, and is linked to the law of diminishing marginal returns. This theory supports the shape of the marginal and average cost curves.

The cost is being spread out over the quantity. Triple A Law of diminishing returns — as more and more of a variable factor is added to a fixed factor, output will rise initially but will eventually fall.

In the short-run where plant size is fixed, in order to produce more units, you would have to hire more labor. Sum up the main idea The essence of this explanation is that the supply price that sellers are willing and able to receive for a good depends on the production cost.

Annual units sold, A typical average physical product curve is shown APP. The actual position of the AC curve will vary with a number of factors. Given the data on fixed and marginal Costs we require the number of units produced to ascertain the Average Total cost, from the MC we an get the TC but to calculate ATC we need the data on total quantity produced If the price is between average variable cost and average total cost then the firm?diminishing returns influences the shapes of the total variable-cost and total-cost curves.

b. Graph AFC, AVC, ATC, and MC. Explain the derivation and shape of each of these four curves and their relationships to one another. Specifically, explain in nontechnical terms why the MC curve intersects both the AVC and ATC curves at their minimum points.

Jan 25,  · Explain the law of diminishing returns using average and marginal product curves; – total output / units of variable factor being used. which increases production cost. The law of diminishing marginal returns is reflected in the shapes and slopes of the total product, marginal product, and average product curves.

Graph total fixed cost, total variable cost, and total cost. Explain how the law of diminishing returns influences the shapes of the total variable-cost and total-cost curves.

b. Graph AFC, AVC, ATC, and MC. Explain the derivation and shape of each of these four curves and. 1. A firm has fixed costs of \$60 and variable costs as indicated in the table.

a. Graph total fixed cost, total variable cost, and total cost. Explain how the law of diminishing returns influences the shapes of the. Dec 11,  · to question 4 at the end of Chapter a. Graph total fixed cost, total variable cost, and total cost.

Explain how the law of diminishing returns influences the. 7 a firm has fixed costs of 60 and variable costs as Graph total fixed cost, total variable cost, and total cost. Explain how the law of diminishing returns influences the shapes of the variable-cost and total-cost curves.

b. Graph AFC, AVC, ATC, and MC%(73).

Explain how the law of diminishing returns influences the shapes of the total variable cost
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