An introduction to the issue of child soldiers in democratic republic of congo

For example, a national NGO member has recently produced and sent out a leaflet aimed at informing and raising awareness of the people living in areas affected by conflict in the DRC on the risks linked with the recruitment and use of children, in order to prevent this phenomenon and to help bring people to justice.

Since then, to put this plan into action, the government has taken a series of measures over the past two years that have worked towards ending the recruitment of children by the FARDCs.

Child soldiers in Africa It is estimated in the academic literature that up tochildren form a part of both irregular, and regular armed forces worldwide, and that this number is increasing.

Child Labor The history of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the 18th largest country in the world, is fraught with violence, conflict and exploitation.

Inthe United Nations published a report that states that children are still being kidnapped, albeit at reduced rates, generally for soldiering, sexual slaveryor forced labor in mining camps. The problem of children involved with armed groups is part of a range of larger and more complex protection problems in a country where the number of displaced people has gone from 1.

In practice, the members of the GTPE come together regularly to exchange information on humanitarian emergencies that affect children in the DRC to decide collectively what can be done, where, by who, and how, to remedy protection problems. As such, it is difficult to establish dialogue with armed groups and to bring those who recruit and use children to justice.

Both Rwanda and Uganda continued funding various rebel groups against the new self-appointed ruler of the DRC. As a result, refugees from the DRC have fled all over the world.

The Rwandan Armed Forces, and guerrilla groups it had helped to create, began to fight the Hutu groups, and to push for the overthrow of Mobutu. Children who are associated with armed conflicts experience incredible psychological trauma, and often struggle to regain any sense of normalcy.

6 questions about the issue of child soldiers in DRC

Article 38 states that "State parties shall take all feasible measures to ensure that persons who have not attained the age of 15 years do not take a direct part in hostilities. On average, they stay there for three months, during which time they are given clothes and basic hygiene care, medical attention, school courses to help them catch up, as well as psychosocial support — notably through recreational and sporting activities.

This observation calls for a vast programme of economic development for the areas hit by conflict. The reason given for the DRC exemption was "a need to continue defense reform services and to influence the negative behaviour patterns of the military into a non-political professional force respectful of human rights.

Importantly, in Thomas Lubanga Dyilo was convicted of war crimes including the forced conscription of children. These actions continue, and to prevent new cases happening, at the start of the government gave an order to all personnel in the FARDC to respect the standard operating procedure adopted in April on age verification for members of the FARDC.

His organization, CAJED, provides psycho-social support and job skills training to children who were once soldiers. In total, taking into account the children who have not been able to receive help in previous years, more than children from armed groups and the same number affected by conflict are still waiting for complete reintegration, because of a lack of funds[4].

In addition, of those who left received support to reintegrate though school, access to training for professional qualifications, or activities that generate revenue. The end of the Second Congo War only slightly alleviated the conflicts. Learn more about Gilbert Mundaor Angelina Atyam on their profile pages.

LRA-style kidnappings have happened on every continent, and children have been forced into becoming soldiers. After this phase of transition, they are reunited with their families and, as far as possible, benefit from intervention programmes aimed at getting them back into the school system or in social and economic life through professional vocational training.

A special kind of notoriety has come to the usage of children as soldiers in recent decades. Many have committed acts they know to be unspeakable, and they have hardened themselves in order to deal with what they have seen.

However, it should be noted that indue to insufficient resources, more than children that came out of armed groups were still waiting for reintegration. Armed Hutu groups that had participated in the Rwandan Genocidejust next door to the DRC, began attacking ethnic Tutsis and surrounding tribal groups.

The DRC became a battleground where various African nations, from North to South, either directly or indirectly fought over resources and power. But the use of child soldiers is illegal under international law, and is a particular and horrible form of modern-day slavery.

These all help to promote a feeling of acceptance at the heart of the communities that the children are put back in to. They are primarily used as fighters, carriers and sex slaves. On leaving armed groups, the children are cared for by professionals in structured, specialised centres called Guidance and Referral Centres or in Transitional Host Families.

The recruitment and use of children by armed groups remains a major challenge, notably because armed groups and informal militia continue to multiply, which prolongs the crisis.issue of reintegration of child soldiers in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo but the process has been undermined by persistent instability in the region.

The problem of follow up, re-recruitment of former child soldiers by different armed groups and the lack of long-term funding are some of the obstacles to successful child soldier reintegration in the DRC. The history of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the 18th largest country in the world, is fraught with violence, conflict and exploitation.

From the personal colony of King Leopold II of Belgium, to the dictator Joseph Mobutu's personal piggy bank, to a country divided by a twenty-year civil war, the DRC has a history of division and conflict.

Keywords: Democratic Republic of Congo, Kivu, DDR, child soldiers. Introduction The prosecution of Thomas Lubanga for enlisting child soldiers in the conflict in Ituri in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) is striking.

Lubanga is the first individual to be brought to trial for the recruitment of child soldiers. A Duty to Protect: Justice for Child Soldiers in the DRC In the eastern Democratic Republic of Congo, children as young as six are routinely recruited by militias and taught to kill.

It is estimated that 8- to year-old-children make up 60% of combatants in the region. INTERVIEW SPECIALIST – For the International Day Against the Use of Child Soldiers, Sabrina Cajoly, coordinator of the Working Group for the Protection of Children, answers six questions about children in the forces and armed groups in the DRC.

A Research on Child Soldiers Issue in the Democratic Republic of Congo. Skip to main content Log In; Sign Up; Child armed groups in The Democratic Republic of Congo About million people died from the beginning of armed conflict of in the Democratic Republic of Congo.

Child soldiers in the Democratic Republic of the Congo

The solution of child soldiers in Africa is that the united.

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An introduction to the issue of child soldiers in democratic republic of congo
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